The Minimal 2200G Build – Introduction

I’m building a Ryzen 3 2200G PC. It may be a PC that every enthusiast will look down at, but hey, there’s a reason this blog is called Lowendia. I love the low end and seeing what can be done there. I’m planning to test this PC and see what it’s worth and how to make the most of it.

Here’s what the build includes:

  • CPU: Ryzen 3 2200G
  • Motherboard: ASRock AB350M-HDV
  • RAM: Crucial Ballistix Sport LT 4GB DDR4-2666
  • HDD: 4TB Seagate BarraCuda (which I won from TechSpot / Hardware Unboxed)
  • Old generic case and PSU

For now, here’s a short introduction about how I ended up buying this configuration.

Continue reading

Let Curators curate for Steam Direct

Valve recently said that it will replace Greenlight with Steam Direct, a method by which developers pay per game to get it on Steam, and (presumably) get the money back if the game sells well.

The idea of payment that’s refunded for games that sell well should work for reducing the number of throwaway games, or at least those which don’t sell well. Developers with successful games will spend less than those with many games that don’t sell. Successful games will get the developers back their money, while developers with many failed games will have to pay more.

The problem is that making a decent game isn’t enough to get sales, and that developers with little up-front money could have a hard time getting in if the fee is high.

Valve is asking the public’s opinion about the fee (a range of $100 to $5000 was mentioned), and already there’s reponse of people willing to pay for other devs. This, in my opinion, is the right way to go: put a high monetary barrier, and allow others to function as curators. This means that games liked by others get in, and those without fans will have a tougher time getting in.

But why not have Valve integrate this ability into the process? Why not keep something like Greenlight and allow it to be used in a sense like crowdfunding, allowing others on Steam to pay for the game to enter the store? Having this as part of Steam is better for Valve and for Steam than having it all happen outside of Steam, because the path for developers will be clear, Steam users get involved, on Valve’s turf, and Valve helps make a contribution towards indie development.

In particular, curators could be made into editors and publishers, putting their money where their mouth is and helping get the games they’re interested in onto steam.

Read on for more analysis and details.

Continue reading

RPG Maker VX Ace from scratch – part 2, objects and customisation

In the first part of the tutorial I created a new project and made a cutscene in it. I decided to break the tutorial into multiple posts to make things easier to manage, for both the readers and me. I thought of breaking the post into multiple pages, which I know the WordPress software can do, but it looks like this doesn’t work at, at least for the free account. (Let me know if that’s possible.)

I’m itching to add some object interaction now, so I’ll start with that. Then I’ll change the opening image of the game, the music on that screen, and also add some music to the house scene.

Continue reading

RPG Maker VX Ace from scratch – part 1, the cutscene

Some month ago I started playing with RPG Maker VX Ace. I’ve wanted to create a game for a long while, but lack of free time makes it hard to do something complex, so I decided to try what I hoped was a simple tool but good enough to tell a (silly) story.

Jumping into RPG Maker development was a little harder than I had hoped. The standard tutorials I found early on didn’t seem to address what I was most interested in, which was creating interaction rather than creating a world.

I decided to create a small project to learn interaction, and figured it could be helpful to others if I documented what I learned. Unfortunately, as with many things, life and other interests took over (full time job plus little kids don’t leave that much free time), and I haven’t touched this for a while.

Still, I figured I’d still post what I’ve done so far, in the hope that it will help someone. RPG Maker VX Ace is often sold at a deep discount, and is a neat tool for game development, so I imagine that there will always be new users looking for help.

Note that I’m still a beginner. I’ve only played a little with RPG Maker, and what I did is based on my experimentation and what I’ve read on the web. Some of what I write here may not be the best way to achieve the goals. Comments and advice are welcome.

You can download the project containing what I’ve published until now (the first three pages of this tutorial).

Continue reading

Lowendia review: Corsair Carbide Series 200R


I moved to the PC from the Amiga in late 1994. For most of these years I didn’t care about the case. In stayed with the simplest cases, though once I chose one with a handle. It wasn’t until the last time I bought a PC, in mid-2009, that I tried to go for something better. Being the cheapskate that I am, I went with a case the local store suggested that wasn’t a known brand but was largely tool-less and with a removable drive cage, which I hoped would help make installing and changing hard drives easier, which was important to me since hard drive upgrades are the most common upgrade I do (the second being graphics cards).

When I got the PC I had a Radeon 3870 and two hard drives, a 250GB from the previous PC plus a 500GB one. I could fit them into the bottom two drive slots and the Radeon was against the top of the three drive slots in the cage. I then upgraded to a Radeon 5750 and got another 500GB drive. That was an okay combination too, because the 5750 was a shorter card.

Then I won a Radeon 5850 and my life got complicated. The card and the hard disk could fit together, just barely. Getting them to co-exist meant long minutes of trying to push the connectors, disconnect and reconnect, move cables out of the way… In short, a little bit of hell. It was a one time experience I forgot about for a while, but then last year I got an SSD, and had to deal with it again, and recently my PC stopped booting, and I thought it might be the 5850, which occasionally started with an awful noise from it fan, so with some effort I took it out and replaced it with the 5750, then found out it was the RAM, but I couldn’t face putting the 5850 back in.

When the Carbide 200R reviews started pouring in it was clear that it’s a good low cost case with ample space for graphics cards, so it became an obvious upgrade target.

Moving to the new case

The Carbide 200R is a tool-less case, but it still requires a screwdriver for installation. First of all, I couldn’t open any of the thumbscrews without one. Then there are the screws for the PSU and motherboard. Once you’ve loosened all the thumbscrews and installed the PSU and motherboard it should be tool-less forever though.

The first thing I did was install the PSU. I did some reading about that the night before, and decided to install it with the fan facing down towards the filter that’s there. It’s the way things are meant to be, although it turned out to be the wrong choice, more about this later.

The second thing I did was install all my hard drives: an SSD and 500GB, 500GB, 250GB drives. The old case had three 3.5″ spaces in its disk cage, which were used by the SSD (with adaptor) and two 500GB drive, and the 250GB with an adaptor in a 5.25″ bay. On the 200R it was amazingly easy to insert the 3.5″ drives. The 2.5″ SSD was a trifle harder to put in, but not really any trouble. There were two minor issues: one of the drives wasn’t held perfectly in place, and moved when I hooked it to the SATA and power cables. It sits well, but when enough pressure is applied it moves. The other issue was that a disk in the bottom slot makes it hard to press one of the latches that opens the front panel, something which I found about later when I tried it, so I moved the drive up a slot (which was very easy to do). In retrospect it’s easy to use the latches on the back side, which don’t have this problem, so I don’t need to be worried about adding another drive.

The reason I wanted to open the front panel was that I wanted to install my DVD and Blu-Ray drives. Removing the cover allows to easily remove the blank covers to insert the drives. Inserting them was as effortless as inserting the 3.5″ drives. The front panel also has ventilation on the sides, with a filter, which means that it’s a good idea to remove it occasionally to clean that filter. I’m sure I’ll forget to do it.

Now it was time to put the motherboard in. There was a slight issue with the alignment of the ports with the back panel, but the misalignment was small and when I tried a USB cable I was able to plug it into all USB ports. The motherboard (a Gigabyte GA-MA790X-UD4) was attached to the case using 5 screws, as opposed to 6 on the previous case, because one of the holes had a mounting that stuck through it instead of offering a place for a screw, but that felt good enough. The top screws were a little harder to get in than I’d like, or than they were to take out in the old case. It feels like there’s a bit less clearance there. Not a big issue though.

Hooking the cables for power, LED’s, etc., was easy but I think it would have been less messy if they were all in a sleeve instead of separate cables. Hooking the sound and fans was also easy. Unfortunately the case only includes a USB 3 cable to the front ports, with no adaptor for USB 2, and my motherboard only has USB 2, so I’m left without functioning front USB ports. (My next planned upgrade is a motherboard, so that should sort out this problem.)

The trouble started when I tried connecting the power cables from the PSU. The large one went in without trouble after getting routed from the back, but the 8-pin one couldn’t fit through the small gap at the top (which might be meant for routing or might not be), and probably wouldn’t have reached the socket even if it did. Routing from the front would have meant it would hug the graphics card and prevent me from putting another one in. As a result I had to flip the PSU so the fan faces up. The large cable was too short to go through the back then, but I was able to route both comfortably on the front of the motherboard. Since even more modern motherboards (like the one I plan to buy) have these connectors at the top I guess this will remain a problem, but it’s possible that a better PSU than my Topower SilentEZ would have longer cables.

The SATA and power cables went to the back, since the three 3.5″ drives are hooked through there, which means a little bit of mess at the back, but better there than at the front. There’s enough space there that this isn’t a problem. Inserting the graphics card (5750 for now) was simple, just a matter of removing two thumb screws.

That was that, and I assembled everything back in. I discovered that one of the rubber fan mounts at the top fell off while I was assembling the PC, and fiddled with it for some seconds to get it back in.

Surprisingly, the PC came back alive as good as before (well, I haven’t checked the 5.25″ drives yet). I started mining bitcoins just recently, and the 5750 now runs at 65c as opposed to 70c before, which is nice.

General impression and conclusion

I like the 200R. Even though it’s just 1cm deeper and 2cm wider than my previous case it feels a lot more roomy. The drive bays are a joy to work with, and although some of the cables and routing was less than perfect, it’s still pretty good. I also like the look of it.

There are a lot of places to add fans, which I don’t care that much about, and I remember that one of the reviews said that adding a fan didn’t help much. I think that the down side of this added ventilation is that more dust can get into the case. I guess I’ll see what happens.

I’m happy with this case so far.


Old case:





Carbide 200R manufacturer page

List of reviews (not comprehensive, google for more): Anandtech, X-bit labs,, Kitguru, HardOCP, Tweaktown, Guru3D, The Tech Report.